Programme for the Assessment of NDT in Industry 

PANIProgramme for the Assessment of NDT in Industry began back in 1997 when the UK's Health & Safety Executive initiated a project to take a snapshot of the effectiveness of manual ultrasonics as applied on plant outside of the nuclear industry. The project was managed by a committee of representatives from a wide range of industries. 20 operators inspected blind a number of manufactured specimens and an ex-service shell boiler. The conclusion drawn was that if a high reliability of inspection was required then additional steps beyond using a certified operator using a generic procedure were required. Such steps included a procedure targeted at the defects and geometry of the inspection, job specific training and the use of manual aids.

Many discussions were held in the light of the PANI 1 results. The Boiler Qualification was initiated by SAFed and BINDT and the HSE used the PANI Management Committee to produce a number of Guideline Documents, which promote industry knowledge on how to ensure a quality product to buyers of NDT services.

A second project, PANI 2, was then instigated which looked to quantify the improvements that would be achieved by a better procedure and job specific training. This was achieved but the differences in performance observed between those operators applying a control procedure, those applying an improved procedure and those who applied the control procedure after receiving  pre-job training were swamped by the differences observed between individual operators.

The final and third PANI project addressed the individual variation between operators by comparing results from ability and personality tests with performance and by reviewing the impact of the organisation on the operator. The project finished in 2007 and the report is available on the web.

For the report on the PANI 3 project see:

For the Guidelines documents see:
Manual Ultrasonics:

Surface Techniques: Dye Penetrant & MPI:


Ultrasonic Sizing and Defect Assessment:

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